Main content area

Electromembrane extraction of verapamil and riluzole from urine and wastewater samples using a mixture of organic solvents as a supported liquid membrane: Study on electric current variations

Rahimi, Atyeh, Nojavan, Saeed
Journal of separation science 2019 v.42 no.2 pp. 566-573
electric current, hexanols, high performance liquid chromatography, models, solvents, supported liquid membranes, urine, verapamil, wastewater
In this study, the application of a mixture of organic solvents as a supported liquid membrane for improving the efficiency of the electromembrane extraction procedure was investigated. The extraction process was followed by high‐performance liquid chromatography analysis of two model drugs (verapamil and riluzole). In this research, four organic solvents, including 1‐heptanol, 1‐octanol, 2‐nitrophenyl octyl ether, and 2‐ethyl hexanol, were selected as model solvents and different binary mixtures (v/v 2:1, 1:1 and 1:2) were used as the supported liquid membrane. The mixture of 2‐ethyl hexanol and 1‐otanol (v/v, 2:1) improved the extraction efficiency of model drugs by 1.5 to 12 times. It was found that extraction efficiency is greatly influenced by the level of electric current. In this study, for various mixtures of organic solvents, the electric current fluctuated between 50 and 2500 μA, and the highest extraction efficiencies were obtained with low and stable electric currents. Finally, the optimized extraction condition was validated and applied for the determination of model drugs in urine and wastewater samples.