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Occurrence and molecular identification of the zoysiagrass mite Aceria zoysiae (Acari: Eriophyidae) in turfgrasses in Korea
- Jung, Duck‐Oung, Park, Dae‐Sup, Shim, Jae‐Kyoung, Lee, Sukchan, Pyee, Jaeho, Lee, Kyeong‐Yeoll
- Entomological research 2019 v.49 no.1 pp. 72-77
- Aceria, chlorosis, cytochrome-c oxidase, genetic variation, golf courses, internal transcribed spacers, leaves, mites, mitochondria, monitoring, pests, ribosomal DNA, surveys, turf grasses, Korean Peninsula
- Mites are one of the serious pests of turfgrass. Our survey of turfgrass fields from 2013 to 2015 in Korea showed that the occurrence of leaf chlorotic symptom has gradually extended to at least 60% of the examined golf courses. We identified the zoysiae mite Aceria zoysiae in most damaged zoysiagrasses. Artificial infestation of A. zoysiae into zoysiagrasses in pots resulted in symptoms of chlorosis and marginal rolling of the leaves within 3 weeks. We firstly determined the nucleotide sequence of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA region of A. zoysiae. The variations in COI and ITS2 between A. zoysiae and other species of the genus were 20.9%–43.0% and 7.5%–67.3%, respectively, suggesting significant genetic divergence within the genus. Our study provides valuable information for the rapid diagnosis and infestation monitoring of A. zoysiae in turfgrass fields.