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Differential response of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L., Czern and Coss) under salinity: photosynthetic traits and gene expression

Singh, Jogendra, Singh, Vijayata, Vineeth, T. V., Kumar, Parveen, Kumar, Neeraj, Sharma, Parbodh C.
Physiology and molecular biology of plants 2019 v.25 no.1 pp. 71-83
Brassica juncea, antioxidants, antiporters, gene overexpression, genes, genotype, high-yielding varieties, irrigation water, mutants, photosynthesis, roots, salt stress, salt tolerance, shoots, sodium, water salinity
To explore the effect of salt stress on photosynthetic traits and gene expression in Indian mustard, four genotypes CS 54 (national check for salinity), CS 52-SPS-1-2012 (salt tolerant mutant), CS 614-4-1-4-100-13 (salt sensitive mutant) and Pusa bold (high yielding variety) were evaluated under irrigation water salinity (ECᵢw 12, and 15 dS m⁻¹). Results suggest genotype CS 52-SPS-1-2012 followed by CS 54 performed better under imposed salt stress due to differential regulation of Na⁺ accumulation in the roots and main stem, restriction of Na⁺ influx from root to shoot, maintaining higher net photosynthetic traits under saline stress compared to CS 614-4-1-4-100-13 and Pusa bold. Further, overexpression of antiporters (SOS1, SOS2, SOS3, ENH1 and NHX1) and antioxidant (APX1, APX4, DHAR1 and MDHAR) genes in salt tolerant genotypes CS 52-SPS-1-2012 and CS 54 demonstrated their significant role in imparting salt tolerance in Indian mustard.