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Is alkaline phosphatase biomimeticaly immobilized on titanium able to propagate the biomineralization process?

Andrade, Marco A.R., Derradi, Rafael, Simão, Ana M.S., Millán, José Luis, Ramos, Ana P., Ciancaglini, Pietro, Bolean, Maytê
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2019 v.663 pp. 192-198
alkaline phosphatase, biomineralization, bone substitutes, calcium phosphates, coatings, titanium
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is a key enzyme in the biomineralization process as it produces phosphate from a number of phospho-substrates stimulating mineralization while it also inactivates inorganic pyrophosphate, a potent mineralization inhibitor. We have previously reported on the reconstitution of TNAP on Langmuir monolayers as well as proteoliposomes. In the present study, thin films composed of dimyristoylphosphatidic acid (DMPA) were deposited on titanium supports by the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique, and we determined preservation of TNAP's phosphohydrolytic activity after incorporation into the LB films. Increased mineralization was observed after exposing the supports containing the DMPA:TNAP LB films to solutions of phospho-substrates, thus evidencing the role of TNAP on the growth of calcium phosphates after immobilization. These coatings deposited on metallic supports can be potentially applied as osteoconductive materials, aiming at the optimization of bone-substitutes integration in vivo.