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Long noncoding RNA HAGLROS regulates cell apoptosis and autophagy in lipopolysaccharides-induced WI-38 cells via modulating miR-100/NF-κB axis

Liu, Meihan, Han, Tao, Shi, Shaomin, Chen, Enqi
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.500 no.3 pp. 589-596
apoptosis, autophagy, blood serum, cell viability, fibroblasts, humans, lipopolysaccharides, lungs, non-coding RNA, pathogens, patients, pneumonia
Pneumonia is a lower respiratory disease caused by pathogens or other factors. This study aimed to explore the roles and mechanism of long noncoding RNA HAGLROS in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced inflammatory injury in pneumonia. The HAGLROS expression in serum of patients with acute stage pneumonia was detected. To induce pulmonary injury, WI-38 human lung fibroblasts were stimulated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS). The HAGLROS expressions in LPS-treated WI-38 cells and the effects of HAGLROS knockdown on the viability, apoptosis, and autophagy of LPS-induced cells were detected. Moreover, the regulatory relationship between HAGLROS and miR-100 was explored as well as the functional targets of miR-100 were identified. Furthermore, the regulatory relationship between miR-100 and PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway was elucidated. LncRNA HAGLROS was higher expressed in serum of patients with acute stage pneumonia compared with that in serum of healthy control. LPS caused WI-38 cell injury and increased HAGLROS levels. Downregulation of HAGLROS alleviated LPS-induced cell injury via increasing cell viability, and inhibiting apoptosis and autophagy. Moreover, there was a negative correlation between HAGLROS and miR-100, and the effects of HAGLROS downregulation on LPS-induced apoptosis and autophagy in WI-38 cells were by regulation of miR-100. Furthermore, NFΚB3 was verified as a functional target of miR-100 and effects of miR-100 inhibition on LPS-induced WI-38 cell injury were alleviated by knockdown of NFΚB3. Besides, Knockdown of HAGLROS inhibited the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway. Our findings reveal that downregulation of HAGLROS may alleviate LPS-induced inflammatory injury in WI-38 cells via modulating miR-100/NF-κB axis. HAGLROS/miR-100/NF-κB axis may provide a new strategy for treating acute stage of pneumonia.