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Non-thermal plasma reduces periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss in rats

Zhang, Yixin, Xiong, Yi, Xie, Peng, Ao, Xiaogang, Zheng, Zheng, Dong, Xiaoqing, Li, Hao, Yu, Qingsong, Zhu, Zhimin, Chen, Meng, Chen, Wenchuan
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.503 no.3 pp. 2040-2046
adjuvants, biofilm, bone resorption, decontamination, hemorrhage, infectious diseases, interleukin-10, interleukin-1beta, mouth, nonthermal processing, osteoclasts, pathogens, periodontitis, planning, rats, therapeutics, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Periodontitis, a chronic infectious disease induced by microbial biofilm, is one of the most common diseases worldwide. Scaling and root planning (SRP) has always been recognized as the typical treatment. However, the therapeutic efficiency is often limited due to the intraoperative bleeding and the limitations of instruments. Non-thermal atmospheric plasma (NTP) appears to be a potential tool for periodontitis due to its promising biofilm degradation and decontamination effects. In this study, we investigated the role of NTP, as an adjuvant approach for the treatment of ligature-induced periodontitis in rats. Herein we showed that SRP or SRP-NTP application attenuated the periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss, reflected by the increased BV/TV value and the decreased CEJ-AB distance, which might be related to the lower detection rate of periodontal pathogen in SRP and SRP-NTP groups. Besides, SRP-NTP rats showed less bone loss and lower CEJ-AB distance than that of SRP group at 30d post treatment, indicating a more comprehensive and long-lasting effect of SRP-NTP. A remarkable decrease of osteoclast number and lower expression of RANKL was also detected in SRP-NTP rats. In addition, expression of inflammatory-related cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-1β decreased significantly in SRP-NTP group, while IL-10 level increased substantially. These results together illustrated that a combination of SRP and NTP treatment was an effective way to prevent periodontitis progress, which reduced alveolar bone loss and promoted periodontium restoration in ligature-induced periodontitis rats. In conclusion, non-thermal plasma treatment may be considered as a feasible and effective supplementary approach to control periodontitis.