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Phylloseptin-PBa1, -PBa2, -PBa3: Three novel antimicrobial peptides from the skin secretion of Burmeister's leaf frog (Phyllomedusa burmeisteri)

Wu, Youjia, Wang, Lei, Zhou, Mei, Chen, Tianbao, Shaw, Chris
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.509 no.3 pp. 664-673
Cruziohyla, Gram-positive bacteria, Phyllomedusa, antimicrobial peptides, antimicrobial properties, antineoplastic activity, bioactive compounds, cDNA libraries, complementary DNA, frogs, hemolysis, secretion, tandem mass spectrometry, yeasts
Skin secretions are known as a highly-complex mixture of abundant and diverse bioactive molecules and its study has attracted increasing attention over recent years. Phylloseptin is a unique family of antimicrobial peptides which have been only isolated from frogs of the Phyllomedusinae subfamily. Here, three novel peptide precursors were successfully cloned from a cDNA library, which was constructed from the skin secretion of Phyllomedusa burmeisteri, as pair of primers (one nested universal primer and a designed degenerate sense primer) were employed for “shotgun” cloning. The encoded mature peptides were validated by MS/MS sequencing, and subsequently termed as Phylloseptin-PBa1, -PBa2 and -PBa3. Phylloseptin-PBa1 and -PBa2 were demonstrated to possess potent antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive bacteria and yeast, as well as broad-spectrum anticancer activities, while they possess varying haemolytic activity at the effective concentration. In contrast, Phylloseptin-PBa3 was found to exhibit a strong haemolytic activity even though it was only found to possess a weak antimicrobial activity and inconspicuous anticancer activity.