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Pretreatment with cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins prevents loss of motility associated proteins during cryopreservation of addra gazelle (Nanger dama ruficollis) spermatozoa

Wojtusik, Jessye, Wang, Yan, Pukazhenthi, Budhan S.
Cryobiology 2018 v.81 pp. 74-80
Nanger dama, cattle, cholesterol, cryopreservation, cyclodextrins, endangered species, gazelles, genes, glycolysis, mass spectrometry, protein content, proteins, proteome, spermatozoa, viability
Sperm cryopreservation is challenging, often resulting in irreversible damage to spermatozoa, as indicated by decreased motility, viability, and/or acrosomal integrity. Developing cryopreservation protocols for gametes of endangered species compounds the complexity of technique optimization; samples are difficult to obtain and numbers are limited. Cryopreservation of sperm collected from the critically endangered addra gazelle (Nanger dama ruficollis), a member of the Bovidae family, resulted in significant loss of motility, which was prevented by pretreatment with cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC). This study investigated the proteome of sperm (fresh and cryopreserved), processed in the absence and presence of 0.5 mg/ml CLC in the addra gazelle. The proteome of Bos taurus, the closest domestic relative, was used as a reference. Mass spectrometry analysis of the addra gazelle sperm proteome revealed 287 proteins. The concentrations of 85 proteins differed between fresh and frozen/thawed samples; nearly all were decreased. Most were associated with metabolic processes, specifically glycolysis, which may explain the decrease in post-thaw motility observed in this species. CLC pretreatment partially prevented the loss of various proteins involved in metabolism including CAPZB (gene = CAPZB), HS90A (gene = HSP90AA1), and PGAM2 (gene = PGAM2). To our knowledge, this is the first study to evaluate the proteome of any wild bovids' sperm, and the first to compare protein levels in sperm pretreated with CLC.