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A layered model for inclined pipe flow of settling slurry

Matoušek, V., Krupička, J., Kesely, M.
Powder technology 2018 v.333 pp. 317-326
gravel, mathematical models, pipes, powders, sand, slurries
The paper deals with mathematical and physical modelling of flow of partially-stratified settling slurry in inclined pipes. Experimental results are presented of flows of aqueous slurries of four fractions of sand and gravel in two laboratory loops of different pipe diameters. They show a considerable variation in pressure drop and distribution of solids with the pipe slope. The degree of flow stratification and frictional pressure drop decrease with the increasing angle of inclination in the ascending pipe while the opposite applies in the descending pipe. A predictive mathematical model is presented which is based on a description of a layered structure of partially stratified slurry flow and takes flow inclination into account. The experimentally observed effects of pipe inclination are well reproduced by model predictions. Predicted pressure drops and solids distributions are in a very reasonable agreement with the experimental results and indicate suitability of the model for engineering practise.