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Simultaneous remediation of As(III) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in soil by a manganese-oxidizing bacterium and its mechanisms

He, Zhanfei, Li, Zeya, Zhang, Qingying, Wei, Zhen, Duo, Jia, Pan, Xiangliang
Chemosphere 2019 v.220 pp. 837-844
adsorption, arsenates, arsenic, bacteria, community structure, dibutyl phthalate, human health, iron oxides, magnesium, manganese, manganese oxides, microbial communities, pollution, remediation, soil water content, water content
Soils are experiencing increasing pollution with arsenic (As) and phthalate esters (PAEs), which is threatening human health. In this study, the feasibility of simultaneous remediation of soil As(III) and a PAE, dibutyl phthalate (DBP), by a manganese-oxidizing bacterium (MnOB) was evaluated. As immobilization and DBP degradation were simultaneously enhanced by MnOB addition. The effects of initial concentrations of As(III), DBP, and Mn(II), and moisture content on the removal of As(III) and DBP were investigated. The results indicated that there was a competitive interaction between As(III) and DBP removal, and 40 mg/kg of Mn(II) dosage and 20%–30% soil moisture content were recommended for optimal and simultaneous removal of As(III) and DBP. Microbial community analysis revealed that community structure and diversity were not changed significantly by MnOB addition. Taken together, the findings from this study indicated that DBP was degraded primarily by microorganisms, whereas As(III) was removed largely by biogenic Mn oxides and immobilized by adsorption onto Mg/Fe oxides and/or formation of metal arsenate precipitates/co-precipitates. This study offers a novel and high-efficiency strategy to remediate the combined contamination of As and PAEs in soils.