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Responses of soil aggregates and bacterial communities to soil-Pb immobilization induced by biofertilizer

Wang, Meng, Chen, Shibao, Han, Yun, Chen, Li, Wang, Duo
Chemosphere 2019 v.220 pp. 828-836
Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria, Triticum, bacterial communities, bioaccumulation factor, biofertilizers, community structure, fertilizer application, physicochemical properties, phytotoxicity, polluted soils, risk, roots, shoots, soil aggregates, soil bacteria, species diversity, wheat
The objective of this study was to investigate how soil aggregates and bacterial communities responded to soil-lead (Pb) immobilization induced by biofertilizer. Wheat (Triticum spp.) was planted in Pb-polluted soil. The re-distribution of Pb in soil aggregates and change of soil microbial communities due to biofertilizers were believed to be responsible for immobilizing soil Pb and alleviating its phytotoxicity. Adding biofertilizer promoted the formation of large aggregates (0.20–2.0 mm) with more mass loading of Pb, and increased soil bacterial diversity and the abundance of beneficial taxa such as those from the phyla Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, and Proteobacteria. In addition, there was significant alleviation of Pb availability as indicated by decreases in the values of bioconcentration factors (BCF) (up to 35.7% and 42.3% for roots and shoots, respectively) of wheat and DTPA-extractable Pb in soil (up to 34.4%) receiving fertilizer treatments compared with the CK (no treatment). Similar bacterial community structures and alpha diversities for the biofertilizer treatments and their autoclaved controls were observed, suggesting that physicochemical properties drove the structure of the soil bacterial community. This study introduced a new idea for development of effective strategies to control or reduce soil Pb risks.