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Photocatalytic removal of phenanthrene and algae by a novel Ca-Ag3PO4 composite under visible light: Reactivity and coexisting effect

Diao, Zeng-Hui, Pu, Sheng-Yan, Qian, Wei, Liang, Shan, Kong, Ling-Jun, Xia, De-Hua, Lei, Ze-Xiang, Du, Jian-Jun, Liu, Hui, Yang, Jie-Wen
Chemosphere 2019 v.221 pp. 511-518
algae, irradiation, phenanthrenes, photocatalysis, pollutants, pollution control, seawater, silver
In this study, the feasibility of a novel Ca-Ag3PO4 composite with visible light irradiation for the phenanthrene (PHE) degradation and algae inactivation in artificial seawater was firstly investigated. The experimental findings revealed that Ag3PO4 phase was sucessfully formed on the Ca-based material, and the presence of Ca-based material could effectively keep Ag3PO4 particles stable. An excellent performance on PHE degradation or algae inactivation was observed from Ca-Ag3PO4 composite under visible light irradiation. The degradation of PHE or inactivation of algae not only could be efficiently achieved in the single mode, but also could be successfully achieved in the coexisting mode. Above 96% of PHE and algae were simultaneously removed within 12 h in the Ca-Ag3PO4/visible light system. It was further observed that the degradation of PHE and/or inactivation of algae increased with the increase of Ca-Ag3PO4 dosage. HO was the primary radical responsible for PHE degradation, whereas HO and Ag+ released from Ca-Ag3PO4 mainly contributed to the algae inactivation. A possible mechanism involving the catalytic removal of PHE and algae by Ca-Ag3PO4 under visible light irradiation was proposed. This study provides helpful guide for the simultaneous removal of various pollutants in real seawater.