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Aspergillus niger changes the chemical form of uranium to decrease its biotoxicity, restricts its movement in plant and increase the growth of Syngonium podophyllum

Chao, Zou, Yin-hua, Sha, De-xin, Ding, Guang-yue, Li, Yue-ting, Cui, Nan, Hu, Hui, Zhang, Zhong-ran, Dai, Feng, Li, Jing, Sun, Yong-dong, Wang
Chemosphere 2019 v.224 pp. 316-323
Aspergillus niger, Syngonium podophyllum, bioaccumulation factor, bioaugmentation, biomass, calcium, cell walls, hydroponics, phytotoxicity, uranium, wastewater, wastewater treatment
Aspergillus niger (A. niger) and Syngonium podophyllum (S. podophyllum) have been used for wastewater treatment, and have exhibited a promising application in recent years. To determine the effects of A. niger on uranium enrichment and uranium stress antagonism of S. podophyllum, the S. podophyllum-A. niger combined system was established, and hydroponic remediation experiments were carried out with uranium-containing wastewater. The results revealed that the bioaugmentation of A. niger could increase the biomass of S. podophyllum by 5–7%, reverse the process of U(VI) reduction induced by S. podophyllum, and increase the bioconcentration factor (BCF) and translocation factor (TF) of S. podophyllum to uranium by 35–41 and 0.01–0.06, respectively, thereby improving the reduction of uranium in wastewater. Moreover, A. niger could promote the cell wall immobilization and the subcellular compartmentalization of uranium in the root of S. podophyllum, reduce the phytotoxicity of uranium entering root cells, and inhibit the calcium efflux from root cells, thereby withdrawing the stress of uranium on S. podophyllum.