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Resistant silkworm strain block viral infection independent of melanization

Chen, Ting-ting, Hu, Nan, Tan, Li-rong, Xiao, Qin, Dong, Zhan-qi, Chen, Peng, Xu, An-ying, Pan, Min-hui, Lu, Cheng
Pesticide biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.154 pp. 88-96
Bombyx mori, hemolymph, immune response, invertebrates, melanization, proteomics, serpins, silkworms
Melanization mediated by the prophenoloxidase-activating system (proPO) is an important immune response in invertebrates. However, the role of melanization on viral infection has not been wildly revealed in Bombyx mori (B. mori), silkworm. Here, we investigated the extent of melanization of susceptible (871) and resistant (near-isogenic line 871C) B. mori strains. The result showed that the extent of melanization was significantly higher in the susceptible strain than in the resistant strain. A majority of Serpins were up-regulated in the resistant strain through iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics, comparing with susceptible strain. Our data further identified that Serpin-5, Serpin-9 and Serpin-19 reduced PO activity, indicating that the menlanization pathway was inhibited in the resistant strain. Moreover, our results indicated that the hemolymph of 871 reduced viral infection in the presence of PTU, indicating that melanization of 871 strain hemolymph blocked viral infection. However, viral infection was significantly suppressed in the hemolymph of 871C strain regardless of the presence of PTU or not, which implied that the resistant strain inhibited viral infection independent of the melanization pathway. Taken together, our findings indicated that the melanization pathway was inhibited in resistant strain. These results expend the analysis of melanization pathway in insects and provide insights into understanding the antiviral mechanism.