Main content area

Aerobic co-composting degradation of highly PCDD/F-contaminated field soil. A study of bacterial community

Huang, Wen-Yen, Ngo, Huu-Hao, Lin, Chitsan, Vu, Chi-Thanh, Kaewlaoyoong, Acharee, Boonsong, Totsaporn, Tran, Huu-Tuan, Bui, Xuan-Thanh, Vo, Thi-Dieu-Hien, Chen, Jenq-Renn
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.660 pp. 595-602
Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, bacteria, bacterial communities, composting, food waste, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, phylotype, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, soil, thermophilic microorganisms, toxicity
This study investigated bacterial communities during aerobic food waste co-composting degradation of highly PCDD/F-contaminated field soil. The total initial toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ) of the soil was 16,004 ng-TEQ kg−1 dry weight. After 42-day composting and bioactivity-enhanced monitored natural attenuation (MNA), the final compost product's TEQ reduced to 1916 ng-TEQ kg−1 dry weight (approximately 75% degradation) with a degradation rate of 136.33 ng-TEQ kg−1 day−1. Variations in bacterial communities and PCDD/F degraders were identified by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Thermophilic conditions of the co-composting process resulted in fewer observed bacteria and PCDD/F concentrations. Numerous organic compound degraders were identified by NGS, supporting the conclusion that PCDD/Fs were degraded during food waste co-composting. Bacterial communities of the composting process were defined by four phyla (Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes). At the genus level, Bacillus (Firmicutes) emerged as the most dominant phylotype. Further studies on specific roles of these bacterial strains are needed, especially for the thermophiles which contributed to the high degradation rate of the co-co-composting treatment's first 14 days.