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Characterization and quantification of PM2.5 emissions and PAHs concentration in PM2.5 from the exhausts of diesel vehicles with various accumulated mileages
- Lin, Yuan-Chung, Li, Ya-Ching, Amesho, Kassian T.T., Chou, Feng-Chih, Cheng, Pei-Cheng
- The Science of the total environment 2019 v.660 pp. 188-198
- air pollutants, air quality, carbon monoxide, diesel fuel, emissions, emissions factor, models, nitrogen oxides, particulates, pollution, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, traffic, urban areas, Taiwan
- Road traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter in the atmospheric environment. Notwithstanding its significance, there are noteworthy challenges in quantitative assessment of its contribution to the concentrations of airborne. This study reports on the characterization and quantification of PM2.5 emissions and PAHs concentration in PM2.5 from the exhausts of on-road diesel vehicles with various accumulated mileages in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Urban areas could be a subject matter not just in connection to deprived air quality, but similarly to pollution of other significant environmental media by air contaminants. To that end, our study intends to estimate the PM2.5 emissions from diesel vehicles using diesel fuels and to analyze the PM2.5 emissions and PAHs concentration in PM2.5. In this study, particulate matters (PM2.5) were characterized and quantified from a place impacted by diesel vehicles fueled with diesel in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. The tested diesel vehicles with various accumulated mileages overs the model year comprising of the vehicles registered from 1984 to 2012 from different manufacturers (or brands) ranging from 8733 to 965,026 km (average 445,433 km) accumulative mileages. Exhaust constituents include CO, NOx, PM2.5 and particle phase PAHs. The concentrations of twenty-one (21) priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were studied in the samples by their relationship with atmospheric PM2.5. However, in relations to cumulative mileages, lower cumulative mileage (mileage <20,000 km) has the lowest CO and NOx emission factors. The mileage ranged from 20,001 to 30,000 km had an increased CO and NOx emission factors, respectively. Interestingly, with the increased high number of mileages ranged from 30,001 to 50,000 km, CO and NOx emission factor was observed to be declining, respectively. This could be attributed to the technological changes on new diesel vehicle models. But nonetheless, the trend of CO emission factor was found to be higher with an increasing of cumulative mileages as compared to the mileage that reached lower than 30,000 km.