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Removal of seminal plasma prior to liquid storage of boar spermatozoa: A practice that can improve their fertilizing ability

Pavaneli, Ana Paula Pinoti, Passarelli, Marina da Silva, de Freitas, Flávia Vieira, Ravagnani, Gisele Mouro, Torres, Mariana Andrade, Martins, Simone Maria Massami Kitamura, Yeste, Marc, de Andrade, André Furugen Cesar
Theriogenology 2019 v.125 pp. 79-86
acrosome, artificial insemination, boars, cryopreservation, embryo (animal), female reproductive system, gilts, liquids, reproductive performance, seminal plasma, sperm quality, thawing
Seminal plasma (SP) plays a vital role in the maintenance of sperm function and integrity along with being involved in their communication with the female reproductive tract. Under in vitro conditions, although it is generally accepted that boar semen is better preserved when SP is diluted (extended) or removed (cryopreserved), its role during storage is not completely elucidated. In this context, the current study sought to determine the role of SP during storage of boar spermatozoa at 17 °C for 72 h. Thus, two treatments were prepared with semen from the sperm-rich fraction (SRF) of boar ejaculate previous to storage in liquid state: 1) PSP: semen directly extended in Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS), and 2) ASP: semen first centrifuged with subsequent removal of supernatant (containing SP) followed by suspension of sperm in BTS. From this, two experiments were conducted separately in this work: 1) in vitro and 2) in vivo assays. The former aimed to evaluate how sperm capacity responds to in vitro capacitation (IVC) and whether their quality is affected by previous exposure to SP. In the latter, the objective was to understand how important these previous conditions can be for reproductive performance after artificial insemination (AI). According to our results, the previous removal of SP does not affect sperm quality and the response of these cells to IVC (P > 0.05) along with resulting in a lower percentage of acrosome damage in them [12.87 ± 0.76 (ASP) vs. 16.38 ± 0.73 (PSP)] (P < 0.05). This improved preservation of acrosome integrity in the absence of SP can explain the higher fertility rate (%) [63.27 ± 23.47 (ASP) vs. 38.57 ± 16.30 (PSP)] and number of implanted embryos at 28 days after AI (13.71 ± 4.88 (ASP) vs. 7.16 ± 4.02 (PSP)] (P < 0.05) presented by gilts inseminated with seminal doses of ASP. In conclusion, removal of SP prior to liquid storage of boar sperm for 72 h can be beneficial for their fertilizing ability.