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Flaxseed improves embryo production in Boer goats

Author:
Dutra, P.A., Pinto, L.F.B., Cardoso Neto, B.M., Gobikrushanth, M., Barbosa, A.M., Barbosa, L.P.
Source:
Theriogenology 2019 v.127 pp. 26-31
ISSN:
0093-691X
Subject:
Boer (goat breed), carbohydrate intake, diet, embryogenesis, goat feeding, ingredients, linseed, polyunsaturated fatty acids, reproductive performance, ruminants, superovulation
Abstract:
Flaxseed is a source of polyunsaturated fatty acids and could be used as a dietary ingredient to enhance reproductive performance of ruminants. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of feeding diets with different levels of flaxseed on the nutrient intake, and quantity and quality of embryos in Boer goats. A total of 24 multiparous Boer goats were fed with a diet containing either 0, 4, 8 or 12% of flaxseed (n = 6 per group) and subjected to superovulation to determine the quantity and quality of embryos collected on 7 d after natural service. The nutrient intake was linearly associated with levels of flaxseed in the diet and, whereas while the fat (measured as ether extract) intake was positively associated, the non-fiber carbohydrate intake had a negative association with increasing levels of flaxseed in the diet. The quantity, quality and stage of embryonic development on 7 d after natural service were significantly different between levels of flaxseed in the diet. The number of viable embryos was greater in goats fed with a diet containing 4, 8, and 12% flaxseed (94, 84, and 87%, respectively) than those fed with a diet containing 0% flaxseed (65%). On the other hand, the number of degenerated embryos was greater for goats fed with a diet containing 0% flaxseed (35%) than those fed with a diet containing 4, 8, and 12% flaxseed (6, 16, and 13%, respectively). The proportion of grade 1 embryo collected was greater for goats fed with a diet containing 4 and 8% flaxseed (74 and 83%, respectively) than those fed with a diet containing 0 and 12% flaxseed (40 and 46%, respectively). In summary, our study demonstrated that feeding a diet with moderate levels of flaxseed could produce a greater number of better-quality embryos in Boer goats.
Agid:
6282831