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Antibiotics bioremediation: Perspectives on its ecotoxicity and resistance
- Kumar, Mohit, Jaiswal, Shweta, Sodhi, Kushneet Kaur, Shree, Pallee, Singh, Dileep Kumar, Agrawal, Pawan Kumar, Shukla, Pratyoosh
- Environment international 2019 v.124 pp. 448-461
- World Health Organization, animal husbandry, antibiotic resistance, antibiotics, bacterial infections, bioremediation, developing countries, ecotoxicology, hospitals, humans, issues and policy, longevity, medicine, people, pollution, resistance mechanisms, risk, therapeutics
- Antibiotic is one of the most significant discoveries and have brought a revolution in the field of medicine for human therapy. In addition to the medical uses, antibiotics have broad applications in agriculture and animal husbandry. In developing nations, antibiotics use have helped to increase the life expectancy by lowering the deaths due to bacterial infections, but the risks associated with antibiotics pollution is largely affecting people. Since antibiotics are released partially degraded and undegraded into environment creating antibiotic pollution, and its bioremediation is a challenging task. In the present review, we have discussed the primary antibiotic sources like hospitals, dairy, and agriculture causing antibiotic pollution and their innovative detection methods. The strong commitment towards the resistance prevention and participation, nations through strict policies and their implementations now come to fight against the antibiotic resistance under WHO. The review also deciphers the bacterial evolution based strategies to overcome the effects of antibiotics, so the antibiotic degradation and elimination from the environment and its health benefits. The present review focuses on the environmental sources of antibiotics, it's possible degradation mechanisms, health effects, and bacterial antibiotics resistance mechanisms.