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Effect of soluble solids concentration on Neosartorya fischeri inactivation using UV-C light
- Menezes, Natielle Maria Costa, Tremarin, Andréia, Junior, Agenor Furigo, de Aragão, Glaúcia Maria Falcão
- International journal of food microbiology 2019 v.296 pp. 43-47
- Aspergillus fischeri, Weibull statistics, apple juice, ascospores, brix, light intensity, microbial load, models, nonthermal processing, total soluble solids, ultraviolet radiation
- Ascospores of Neosartorya fischeri are heat-resistant and can survive thermal commercial treatments normally applied to the juices, as apple juice. Non-thermal processing of food such as exposure to ultraviolet light (UV-C) is reported to induce minimal quality changes while reduces microbial load. The main objective of this study was to determine the effect at different soluble solids concentration (12, 25, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 °Brix) on N. fischeri ascospores inactivation in apple juice, using UV-C light intensity (38 W/m2). Weibull model was fitted to experimental data. Then, a secondary model was used to describe how the inactivation kinetic parameters varied with the changes in soluble solids concentration. Results showed that the UV-C light had influence on N. fischeri ascospores inactivation in apple juice even at the highest soluble solids concentrations used, reaching approximately 4 log reductions at all concentrations used. The inactivation parameters, obtained by Weibull model, were δ (dose for the first decimal reduction) and p (the shape factor). Exponential model was chosen to describe the influence of soluble solids concentration on δ and p parameters. It can be concluded that UV-C light is a promising treatment with a drastic impact on the loads of N. fischeri, especially when low soluble solids concentration is used and a model was obtained to describe Brix effect.