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Cold hydrolysis of cassava pulp and its use in simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) process for ethanol fermentation

Siriwong, Tanyaporn, Laimeheriwa, Bustomi, Aini, Uyun Nurul, Cahyanto, Muhammad Nur, Reungsang, Alissara, Salakkam, Apilak
Journal of biotechnology 2019 v.292 pp. 57-63
biotransformation, cassava, ethanol, ethanol fermentation, ethanol production, hydrolysis, mathematical models, pulp, reducing sugars, saccharification
The present study investigated cold hydrolysis of cassava pulp (CP) and the use of cold hydrolysis with simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) for ethanol production. Cold hydrolysis of 100 g-CP/L at 50 °C for 2 h, followed by at 30 °C for 72 h resulted in the production of 71.5 ± 1.8 g/L of reducing sugar, with a yield of 0.72 g/g-CP. A mathematical model describing the cold hydrolysis process was subsequently developed. The model proved to be applicable for other cold hydrolysis systems with satisfactory results. The sequential process of cold hydrolysis at 50 °C for 2 h, followed by SSF at 30 °C for 72 h gave 27.4 g-ethanol/L, with a productivity of 0.37 g/(L h) and a fermentation efficiency of 57.58%. Based on the results, a bioconversion process for CP to ethanol was proposed. In this process, 1 kg of ethanol could be produced from 3.65 kg of CP without any nutrient supplementation.