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RGL2 controls flower development, ovule number and fertility in Arabidopsis

Gómez, María Dolores, Fuster-Almunia, Clara, Ocaña-Cuesta, Javier, Alonso, Jose M, Pérez-Amador, Miguel A.
Plant science 2019 v.281 pp. 82-92
Arabidopsis, dehiscence, flowering, genes, genetic engineering, genetically modified organisms, genomics, gibberellins, ovules, seed germination, transcription factors
DELLA proteins are a group of plant specific GRAS proteins of transcriptional regulators that have a key role in gibberellin (GA) signaling. In Arabidopsis, the DELLA family is formed by five members. The complexity of this gene family raises the question on whether single DELLA proteins have specific or overlapping functions in the control of several GA-dependent developmental processes. To better understand the roles played by RGL2, one of the DELLA proteins in Arabidopsis, two transgenic lines that express fusion proteins of Venus-RGL2 and a dominant version of RGL2, YPet-rgl2Δ17, were generated by recombineering strategy using a genomic clone that contained the RGL2 gene. The dominant YPet-rgl2Δ17 protein is not degraded by GAs, and therefore it blocks the RGL2-dependent GA signaling and hence RGL2-dependent development. The RGL2 role in seed germination was further confirmed using these genetic tools, while new functions of RGL2 in plant development were uncovered. RGL2 has a clear function in the regulation of flower development, particularly stamen growth and anther dehiscence, which has a great impact in fertility. Moreover, the increased ovule number in the YPet-rgl2Δ17 line points out the role of RGL2 in the determination of ovule number.