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Assimilation of MWHS and MWTS radiance data from the FY-3A satellite with the POD-3DEnVar method for forecasting heavy rainfall

Zhang, Mingyang, Zhang, Lifeng, Zhang, Bin, Guan, Jiping, You, Wei
Atmospheric research 2019 v.219 pp. 95-105
covariance, humidity, models, quality control, radiative transfer, rain, satellites, temperature, wind, Yangtze River
An ensemble three-dimensional variational assimilation method based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (referred to as POD-3DEnVar) can not only provide flow-dependent covariances through the evolving ensemble of short-range forecasts, but also obtain directly the analysis field without an iterative process. Using the POD-3DEnVar method, a regional hybrid variational ensemble data assimilation system (referred to as POD-HVEDAS) is constructed with the Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM) as the observation operator. Observations from Microwave Humidity Sounder (MWHS) and Microwave Temperature Sounder (MWTS) onboard Fengyun-3A are simultaneously assimilated into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model by the POD-HVEDAS. Bias correction and quality control schemes for MWHS and MWTS microwave radiance are applied in the system. Three experiments (Con, Hybrid-DA, and POD-DA) are designed to investigate the assimilation ability of the POD-HVEDAS for heavy rainfall over the Yangtze River. The assimilation effects of POD-3DEnVar and WRFDA-Hybrid assimilation method are compared. The results show that the POD-HVEDAS can assimilate MWHS and MWTS microwave radiance effectively, and give a better precipitation forecast than that of the WRFDA-Hybrid method. And it is found that the assimilation increments of both POD-3DEnVar and WRFDA-Hybrid methods all show flow dependent characteristic. However, the improvements in the background wind, temperature and humidity fields by the POD-DA experiment are more obvious than those of the Hybrid-DA experiment, which play key roles in improving the accuracy of precipitation forecast. These promising results suggest initiulizing limited-area models with POD-3DEnVar method that assimilate microwave radiances is beneficial. In the future, POD-3DEnVar method will be used to study multiple cases to fully assess the robustness of POD-HVEDAS.