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Enhanced coagulation of low-turbidity micro-polluted surface water: Properties and optimization

Liu, Zhouzhou, Wei, Hua, Li, Aimin, Yang, Hu
Journal of environmental management 2019 v.233 pp. 739-747
coagulants, coagulation, dissolved organic matter, ion exchange, magnetism, response surface methodology, starch, surface water, turbidity
Micro-polluted surface water with low turbidity and low content of dissolved organic matter (DOM) is usually inefficiently purified. In this work, a combined technique for the enhanced coagulation of this surface water was proposed and investigated using cationic grafted starch (St-G) and polyaluminum chloride (PACl) as co-coagulants, followed by a magnetic ion-exchange resin (MIER). St-G was fed before PACl, and this procedure not only efficiently removes turbidity but also largely reduces the doses of the two coagulants. MIER remarkably removed DOM, and raw water was effectively purified. The entire coagulation process was further optimized through response surface methodology based on a central composite design by using the doses of St-G, PACl, and MIER as input variables. The dose effects of the three chemicals on the coagulation performance for turbidity and DOM removal were examined, and the coagulation mechanisms, including the interactive effect among various chemicals, were discussed in detail. This work provided a new strategy for the efficient treatment of low-turbidity micro-polluted surface water by utilizing organic and inorganic co-coagulants with magnetic ion-exchange resin in practical applications.