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A cationic porous organic polymer for high-capacity, fast, and selective capture of anionic pollutants

Liu, Zhi-Wei, Cao, Cong-Xiao, Han, Bao-Hang
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.367 pp. 348-355
dyes, heavy metals, ion exchange, metal ions, pollutants, polymers, remediation, schiff bases, sulfates
The emerging ionic porous organic materials have achieved various applications in different fields, however, there is limited study on using them to capture ionic pollutants from water. Here we demonstrate a facile method to prepare a cationic porous organic polymer via catalyst-free Schiff base reaction. The imidazolium-based polymer (ImPOP-1) was constructed through copolymerizing cationic molecules with low-cost benzidine. The as-prepared ImPOP-1 exhibits high capacity (e.g., 476.2 mg g–1 for Pd (II) and 578.5 mg g–1 for AO7−), excellent selectivity (e.g., more than 99% removal efficiency for Pd (II) in the presence of 100 times excess of SO42–), and fast kinetics (e.g., 98.6% removal efficiency within 5 min for Pd (II) ions) to the anionic pollutants including organic dyes and heavy metal ions. The excellent performance on scavenging anionic pollutants from water suggests that ImPOP-1 holds promising potential as an ion exchange material for water remediation.