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The drought and high wet soil condition impact on PAH (phenanthrene) toxicity towards nitrifying bacteria

Suszek-Łopatka, Beata, Maliszewska-Kordybach, Barbara, Klimkowicz-Pawlas, Agnieszka, Smreczak, Bożena
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.368 pp. 274-280
analysis of covariance, drought, ecotoxicology, invertebrates, nitrification, nitrifying bacteria, pedodiversity, phenanthrenes, regression analysis, soil microorganisms, soil quality, soil water, toxicity
A few previous studies showed that the low soil moisture could interact with the toxic effect of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) towards animals (mostly invertebrates). In the present research the impact of the soil moisture in the wide range (from the drought to high moisture conditions) in three different soil materials on toxic effect of the PAH (phenanthrene) towards soil microorganisms (nitrifying bacteria activity) was evaluated. The three dry soil materials were artificially contaminated with phenanthrene (0, 1, 10, 100 and 1000 mg kg−1 dry mass of soil) and moistened to the varied levels of the soil moisture (30% WHC (dry), 55% WHC (optimal) and 80% WHC (highly wet conditions)). After 7 days incubation, the nitrification potential was measured. The results of the proposed ANCOVA multiple regression model (adjusted R2 = 0.91), showed that the increase of soil moisture enhanced the toxicity of the phenanthrene towards nitrification potential and this combined moisture-phenanthrene effect was soil dependent. Therefore, the effect of the soil moisture in combination with the soil diversity should not be missed in the ecotoxicological risk assessment of the PAHs.