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Anthelmintic effect and tissue alterations induced in vitro by hydrolysable tannins on the adult stage of the gastrointestinal nematode Haemonchus contortus

Acevedo-Ramírez, Perla María del Carmen, Hallal-Calleros, Claudia, Flores-Pérez, Iván, Alba-Hurtado, Fernando, Mendoza-Garfías, María Berenit, Castro del Campo, Nohemí, Barajas, Rubén
Veterinary parasitology 2019 v.266 pp. 1-6
Haemonchus contortus, abomasum, adults, anthelmintics, dose response, evisceration, gastrointestinal nematodes, lethal dose 50, lethal dose 90, mortality, mouth, nematode control, secondary metabolites, sheep, tannins, tropics
Haemonchus contortus constitutes a severe problem for ruminant’s production, it is the most frequent nematode parasite both in template and tropical regions, induces economical losses, and shows increasing resistance to currently available anthelmintics. Tannins are secondary metabolites that naturally fulfill defense functions in plants, representing a non-conventional, natural alternative in the treatment of gastrointestinal parasites in sheep. The objective of this work was to explore the in vitro anthelmintic activity of hydrolysable tannins on adult stage of Haemonchus contortus. Adults nematodes were obtained directly from the abomasum of ovines, and a dose response curve was performed with tannins extract at 0, 2, 4, 8, 25 and 50 mg/mL, and a time response curve at 0.5, 1, 2 and 24 h at 37 °C. Hydrolysable tannins decreased motility and induced mortality of H. contortus. We observed cuticle disruption around the mouth and reproductive organs, as well as evisceration. After 24 h of exposition, 8 mg/mL induced 83% of mortality and with 25 mg/kg 100% of mortality was achieved. The LD50 was 3.54 mg/mL, while LD90 was 10 mg/mL. We propose hydrolysable tannins as an alternative to contribute in the nematode control in ruminants.