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A novel corner-fired boiler system of improved efficiency and coal flexibility and reduced NOx emissions

Ma, Lun, Fang, Qingyan, Yin, Chungen, Wang, Huajian, Zhang, Cheng, Chen, Gang
Applied energy 2019 v.238 pp. 453-465
adverse effects, air, boilers, coal, combustion, emissions, mathematical models, nitrogen oxides
To assure stable ignition and combustion of low-volatile coals in conventionally configured boilers, storage systems are commonly used to separate the ground coal from the air or gas and evaporated moisture prior to the combustion process, and the stored ground coal is then transported by hot air to the combustion process. This study is to develop a novel combustion system, in order to facilitate the firing of different types of coals in existing conventional corner-fired boilers originally configured for low-volatile semianthracite-firing and to improve the boiler performance. Numerical simulation, boiler retrofit and full-scale performance test are conducted. After successful demonstration in a 330 MWe semianthracite corner-fired utility boiler, the novel combustion scheme is implemented in retrofit of two other similar boilers. The simulation and full-scale performance test on all the three boilers show that the use of the new combustion system achieves a significant reduction in NOx emissions and a remarkable increase in boiler efficiency whereas induces no side effect in operation. After retrofit, these boilers can also readily accommodate low-volatile semianthracite (the design coal) and high-volatile bituminous coal (the retrofit coal), largely improving the coal flexibility.