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A two-step short-term probabilistic wind forecasting methodology based on predictive distribution optimization

Sun, Mucun, Feng, Cong, Chartan, Erol Kevin, Hodge, Bri-Mathias, Zhang, Jie
Applied energy 2019 v.238 pp. 1497-1505
case studies, electric power, models, regression analysis, standard deviation, uncertainty, wind, wind power
With increasing wind penetrations into electric power systems, probabilistic wind forecasting becomes more critical to power system operations because of its capability of quantifying wind uncertainties. In this paper, a two-step probabilistic wind forecasting approach based on pinball loss optimization is developed. First, a multimodel machine learning-based ensemble deterministic forecasting framework is adopted to generate deterministic forecasts. The deterministic forecast is assumed to be the mean value of the predictive distribution at each forecasting time stamp. Then, the optimal unknown parameter (i.e., standard deviation) of the predictive distribution is estimated by a support vector regression surrogate model based on the deterministic forecasts. Finally, probabilistic forecasts are generated from the predictive distribution. Numerical results of case studies at eight locations show that the developed two-step probabilistic forecasting methodology has improved the pinball loss metric score by up to 35% compared to a baseline quantile regression forecasting model.