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Optimal scheduling strategy of district integrated heat and power system with wind power and multiple energy stations considering thermal inertia of buildings under different heating regulation modes
- Wang, Dan, Zhi, Yun-qiang, Jia, Hong-jie, Hou, Kai, Zhang, Shen-xi, Du, Wei, Wang, Xu-dong, Fan, Meng-hua
- Applied energy 2019 v.240 pp. 341-358
- buildings, energy conservation, energy costs, energy flow, heat, models, operating costs, pipes, thermal energy, wind power
- Utilizing multiple energy supply solutions and the thermal inertia of buildings are considered as an efficient method for improving energy conservation and the operational flexibility of Combined Heat and Power (CHP) for wind power integration in a district integrated heat and power system (DIHPS). However, to truly take advantage of these, many factors such as the energy price, the variable efficiency of devices, and especially the different heating regulation modes (the quantity regulation and the quality regulation mode) are imperative to be considered for variable situations of the practical project. Therefore, in this paper, an integrated hydraulic-thermal model of the district heating network (DHN) under the quantity regulation mode is introduced, and a novel thermal energy flow model with transmission time delay under the quality regulation mode is firstly proposed to simulate the dynamic thermal energy distribution of the DHN with multiple heat sources. Then, in terms of different heating regulation modes, the different thermal capacity of buildings to increase the flexibility of the DIHPS is studied. Moreover, an optimal scheduling method considering different energy stations and the thermal inertia of buildings under different heating regulation modes is proposed to guide the operation of the DIHPS in variable actual engineering applications for the sake of operational economics and wind power utilization. Finally, numerical cases have been compared based on a modified testing system. The results demonstrate that under the quantity regulation mode the coordination of energy stations effectively reduces the daily operation cost by 17.4%. The thermal inertia of buildings give a saving rate of 6.4% and he penalty cost of wind power is reduced by 36.3% further. Moreover, the total thermal capacity of buildings to reduce the operation cost and the wind power curtailment is less under the quality regulation mode. It results that the daily operation cost increases by 4.1%. In addition, towards the DIHPS with multiple energy stations in our case, the thermal inertia of pipes cloud not reduce the daily operation cost.