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Effects of microwave treatment of durum wheat kernels on quality characteristics of flour and pasta

Padalino, Lucia, Del Nobile, Matteo Alessandro, la Gatta, Barbara, Rutigliano, Mariacinzia, Di Luccia, Aldo, Conte, Amalia
Food chemistry 2019 v.283 pp. 454-461
adhesion, cooking quality, cultivars, dough, durum wheat, electrophoresis, gluten, microwave treatment, pasta, protein conformation, rheological properties, seeds, sensory properties, wheat flour, whole grain flour
The influence of microwave treatment of hydrated durum wheat kernels of two different cultivars (cv Aureo and Sfinge), on wholemeal flour and pasta quality was addressed. Size exclusion-HPLC and electrophoresis analysis were used to investigate changes in the gluten network arrangement as affected by the microwave treatment. Rheological properties of dough, cooking quality and sensory properties of pasta were also assessed. Results suggested that the microwave treatment on hydrated durum wheat kernels blocks gluten protein conformation through SS bonds formation and the free -SH are no longer able to create a strong network during pasta processing, due to the conformational changes. Rheological study of dough confirmed that the modifications induced by microwave treatment greatly affected pasta making characteristics of wheat flour, with significant negative consequences on product quality, especially for pasta cooking quality. Pasta from treated durum wheat showed low sensory quality, mainly due to high bulkiness and adhesiveness.