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Influence of gene regulation on rice quality: Impact of storage temperature and humidity on flavor profile
- Biao, Yuan, Chanjuan, Zhao, Ming, Yan, Dechun, Huang, McClements, David Julian, Zhigang, Huang, Chongjiang, Cao
- Food chemistry 2019 v.283 pp. 141-147
- aldehydes, biochemical pathways, carboxylic ester hydrolases, catalase, enzyme activity, fatty acid composition, fatty acids, flavor, furans, genes, humidity, hydrolysis, ketones, lipid peroxidation, oxidation, peroxides, rice, sequence analysis, volatile compounds
- Effects of high temperature-high humidity (HT-HH) storage on the flavor profile of rice were investigated. Volatile compounds such as aldehydes, ketones, and furans increased when rice was stored under HT-HH conditions, leading to a pronounced deterioration in rice quality. Correspondingly, the fatty acid content of the rice significantly increased during storage. Lipid oxidation was also accelerated under HT-HH conditions leading to the formation of peroxides. However, catalase activity was reduced under these conditions promoting the accumulation of peroxides. For the first time, insights into the genetic mechanisms responsible for these changes were obtained using RNA-sequencing to establish the flavor metabolic pathways in rice. Under HT-HH conditions, gene expression of lipase increased while that of catalase decreased, leading to faster hydrolysis and oxidation of the rice lipids. As a result, a series of lipid degradation products was formed (such as fatty acids, aldehydes, and ketones) that decreased the rice flavor quality.