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Effect of pregelatinized starch on the characteristics, microstructures, and quality attributes of glutinous rice flour and dumplings

Wang, Hongwei, Xiao, Naiyong, Wang, Xintian, Zhao, Xuewei, Zhang, Hua
Food chemistry 2019 v.283 pp. 248-256
chemical structure, cracking, glutinous rice, microstructure, physicochemical properties, rice flour, starch granules, texture, transmittance
In this study, the impacts of pregelatinized starch (PGS) with different conditions (2–8%, w/w) on the characteristics, microstructures and quality parameters of glutinous rice flour and dumplings were determined. The results indicated PGS favored the formation of elastic gel-like network structure on starch granules. PGS addition, especially at high PGS content, significantly influenced the granular, crystalline and molecular structure of glutinous dumplings, probably due to the structural amorphization of PGS. Accordingly, the dumplings complexation with suitable PGS exhibited a better storage, an increased content of slowly digestible starch (SDS), and integrated quality attributes including transmittance, cracking rate, and textural properties via weakening the water mobility. Pearson's correlation matrix exhibited that the quality of glutinous dumplings could be well predicted by physicochemical properties of rice flour. Thus, it is feasible to improve the textural and nutritional attribute of glutinous rice dumplings via simply complexation with PGS.