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Fatty acid composition, cholesterol content and lipid oxidation indices of intramuscular fat from skeletal muscles of beaver (Castor fiber L.)

Domaradzki, Piotr, Florek, Mariusz, Skałecki, Piotr, Litwińczuk, Anna, Kędzierska-Matysek, Monika, Wolanciuk, Anna, Tajchman, Katarzyna
Meat science 2019 v.150 pp. 131-140
Castor fiber, cholesterol, conjugated linoleic acid, fatty acid composition, intramuscular fat, lipid peroxidation, muscles, omega-3 fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, ruminants, saturated fatty acids, skeletal muscle, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances
The lipid characteristics of the intramuscular fat (IMF) from skeletal muscles of different beaver carcass parts (the loin, hind leg and shoulder) were characterised in detail for the first time. The shoulder muscles had higher (P < 0.05) proportion of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) than the loin muscles, which had higher percentages of saturated fatty acids (SFA), odd-chain fatty acids (OCFA) and sum of conjugated linoleic acids (ΣCLA). Moreover, the shoulder muscles were found to contain higher fat, cholesterol and total fatty acids (FA) concentrations, as well had a beneficial fatty acid profile, especially in terms of the absolute content of PUFA and some nutritional FA indices (thrombogenic index and SFA/PUFA), as well as FA ratios (n-6/n-3 and PUFA/SFA). No differences (P > 0.05) in lipid oxidation parameters (FFA, PV and TBARS) were observed between muscles from different carcass parts. Irrespective of muscle location, the predominant class of FA in IMF of beaver was PUFA (averaging 49.39%), followed by SFA (27.81%) and MUFA cis (15.96%). Linoleic acid (LA, 18:2 n-6) was the most abundant FA in all muscles (>34% of total FA). Minor percentages of unusual FA (OCFA, trans FA and branched-chain FA), which are more typical for ruminants than monogastric animals, were also detected (3.46%, 1.92% and 1.22%, respectively).