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Oxidation/reduction control of the VO2 nanoparticle in the nano-confined space of the hollow silica nanoparticle

Takai-Yamashita, Chika, Ando, Masafumi, Razavi-Khosroshahi, Hadi, Fuji, Masayoshi
Colloids and surfaces 2019 v.566 pp. 134-140
colloids, crystallization, dispersibility, ligands, micropores, nanoparticles, nitrogen, organic compounds, oxidation, silica, thermal degradation, vanadium
Vanadium dioxide (VO2) exhibits a good thermochromic property which can be used in a smart window. To improve its poor visible transparency, immobilization of the VO2 nanoparticles on the silica shell of hollow nanoparticles was proposed. In addition to improving the particle dispersibility of the VO2 and to reducing stress from repeated phase transitions of the VO2 between monoclinic and tetragonal, the hollow interior can reduce any undesirable oxidation of the VO2 to V3O7, V2O5, etc., along with the thermal decomposition behavior of organic compounds around the vanadium atom. The hollow silica nanoparticles with micropores (less than 2 nm) were prepared by a previously-reported template method. Through the pores, the vanadium precursor with a chelate ligand solution penetrates into the hollow interior. The vanadium intermediate formed by adding water was then captured by the silica shell. During the crystallization process under a nitrogen atmosphere, 10–30 nm of VO2 particles were immobilized on the silica shell with a high dispersibility by optimization of the vanadium precursor concentration, and ratios of vanadium/water and vanadium/hollow silica nanoparticles. The VO2/hollow silica nanoparticles in water exhibited a higher visible transparency than that of the commercial VO2. In addition, their thermochromic property in the infrared region was close to that of the commercial one.