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Reactive green dye remediation by Alternanthera philoxeroides in association with plant growth promoting Klebsiella sp. VITAJ23: A pot culture study
- Sinha, Astha, Lulu, Sajitha, S, Vino, Osborne, W. Jabez
- Microbiological research 2019 v.220 pp. 42-52
- Alternanthera philoxeroides, Klebsiella, alanine, bacteria, chlorophyll, cost effectiveness, decolorization, dyes, ecosystems, enzyme activity, enzymes, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, genes, metabolites, phytoremediation, plant growth, plantlets, polluted soils, pot culture, rhizosphere, roots, shoots, soil pollution, textile mill effluents
- Contamination of soil by textile effluent is a major threat found worldwide. These pollutants have diverse range of negative effects on the ecosystem, therefore restoration through cost effective biological strategy is the need of the hour. The aim of the current study was to enhance the decolourization of reactive green dye (RGD) using phytoremediation coupled with augmentation of effective bacteria to the rhizosphere. The isolate Klebsiella sp. VITAJ23 was isolated from textile effluent polluted soil and was assessed for its plant growth promoting traits (PGP) and the PGP functional genes were amplified. The soil was artificially polluted with RGD concentration ranging from 1000 to 3000 mg kg−1 and Alternanthera philoxeroides plantlets were planted in phyto and rhizoremediation treatments, the setup was maintained upto 60 d. The isolate VITAJ23 was augmented in the rhizoremediation setup and the morphological parameters were assessed at regular interval. There was a significant increase in the chlorophyll content as well as root and shoot length of the plant when treated with the bacterial suspension. Decolourization study revealed 79% removal of reactive green dye with an enhanced oxido-reductase enzyme activity in the setup bioaugmented with bacteria. The biodegraded metabolites were identified as 2-allylnapthalene, l-alanine, n-acetyl-and propenoic acid by GC–MS analysis and a plant-bacteria degradation pathway was predicted using computational tools. Inoculation of PGP-Klebsiella sp. VITAJ23 enhanced the rate of plant growth and dye degradation.