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Spectral-optical-tweezer-assisted fluorescence multiplexing system for QDs-encoded bead-array bioassay
- He, Qinghua, Chen, Xuejing, He, Yonghong, Guan, Tian, Feng, Guangxia, Lu, Bangrong, Wang, Bei, Zhou, Xuesi, Hu, Liangshan, Cao, Donglin
- Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.129 pp. 107-117
- antibodies, antigens, bioassays, biosensors, blood serum, detection limit, emissions, fluorescence, humans, immunoglobulin G, optical traps, spectrometers
- As an efficient tool in the multiplexed detection of biomolecules, bead-array could achieve separation-free detection to multiple targets, making it suitable to analyze valuable and scarce samples like antigen and antibody from living organism. Herein, we propose a spectral-optical-tweezer-assisted fluorescence multiplexing system to analyze biomolecule-conjugated bead-array. Using optical tweezer, we trapped and locked beads at the focus to accept stimulation, offering a stable and optimized analysis condition. Moving the system focus and scanning the sample slide, we achieved emissions collection to QDs-encoded bead-array after the multiplexed detection. The emission spectra of fluorescence were collected and recorded by the spectrometer. By recognizing locations of decoding peaks and counting the intensities of label signals of emission spectra, we achieved qualitative and quantitative detection to targets. As proof-of-concept studies, we use this system to carry out multiplexed detection to various types of anti-IgG in the single sample and the detection limit reaches 1.52 pM with a linear range from 0.31 to 10 nM. Through further optimization of experimental conditions, we achieved specific detection to target IgG with sandwich method in human serum and the detection limit reaches as low as 0.23 pM with a linear range from 0.88 to 28 pM, validating the practical application of this method in real samples.