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Acquiring Control: The Evolution of Stomatal Signalling Pathways
- Sussmilch, Frances C., Schultz, Jörg, Hedrich, Rainer, Roelfsema, M. Rob G.
- Trends in plant science 2019 v.24 no.4 pp. 342-351
- Angiospermae, abscisic acid, carbon dioxide, evolution, genes, mosses and liverworts, signal transduction, stomata, stomatal movement, vascular plants
- In vascular plants, stomata balance two opposing functions: they open to facilitate CO2 uptake and close to prevent excessive water loss. Here, we discuss the evolution of three major signalling pathways that are known to control stomatal movements in angiosperms in response to light, CO2, and abscisic acid (ABA). We examine the evolutionary origins of key signalling genes involved in these pathways, and compare their expression patterns between an angiosperm and moss. We propose that variation in stomatal sensitivity to stimuli between plant groups are rooted in differences in: (i) gene presence/absence, (ii) specificity of gene spatial expression pattern, and (iii) protein characteristics and functional interactions.