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A robust feeding control strategy adjusted and optimized by a neural network for enhancing of alpha 1-antitrypsin production in Pichia pastoris

Tavasoli, Tina, Arjmand, Sareh, Ranaei Siadat, Seyed Omid, Shojaosadati, Seyed Abbas, Sahebghadam Lotfi, Abbas
Biochemical engineering journal 2019 v.144 pp. 18-27
Pichia pastoris, alcohol oxidase, ammonium hydroxide, feeding methods, hosts, humans, methanol, monitoring, process control, protocols, recombinant proteins, specific growth rate
Exact monitoring of the key process variables, such as specific growth rate (μ), is essential for effective process control, and maintenance of the optimal conditions for the production of recombinant proteins. In this study, a novel and confident on-line μ-stat approach for setting up methanol feeding strategy is described that is based on the consumption of ammonium hydroxide as feedback control. For this purpose a new and robust control with a time-based stable control structure was used, which had the ability to reconstruct the controller. Moreover, the MLP3 neural network was applied to adjust and optimize the performance of the robust control system. To evaluate the cited strategy, the overproduction of human recombinant alpha 1-antitrypsin (A1AT) under the control of alcohol oxidase 1 promoter (pAOX1) was investigated. On-line control of the μ at the optimal amount (0.03 1/h) led to 120 g/L dry cell weight and 324 mg/L of A1AT concentration. In comparison with traditional protocols of methanol feeding, the obtained product concentration demonstrated a significant improvement. It is suggested that this new presented method has a remarkable potential to be used for the overexpression of different recombinant proteins in the host Pichia pastoris as well as for process development in other hosts.