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Expression of alcohol oxidase gene from Ochrobactrum sp. AIU 033 in recombinant Escherichia coli through the twin-arginine translocation pathway

Matsumura, Kenji, Yamada, Miwa, Yamashita, Takeshi, Muto, Hitomi, Nishiyama, Ken-ichi, Shimoi, Hitoshi, Isobe, Kimiyasu
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2019 v.128 no.1 pp. 13-21
Escherichia coli, Ochrobactrum, alcohol oxidase, consensus sequence, cytoplasm, genes, glycolic acid, glyoxylic acid, nucleotides, open reading frames, pH stability, substrate specificity
We cloned a set of genes encoding alcohol oxidase from Ochrobactrum sp. AIU 033 (OcAOD), which exhibits the appropriate substrate specificity for glyoxylic acid production from glycolic acid. The set of genes for OcAOD contained two open reading frames consisting of 555-bp (aodB) and 1572-bp (aodA) nucleotides, which encode the precursor for the β-subunit and α-subunit of OcAOD, respectively. We expressed the cloned genes as an active product in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). The recombinant OcAOD oxidized glycolic acid and primary alcohols with C2–C8 but not glyoxylic acid (as is the case for native OcAOD), whereas the Km and Vmax values for glycolic acid and the pH stability were higher than those of native OcAOD. A consensus sequence for the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway was identified in the N-terminal region of the precursor for the β-subunit, and the active form of OcAOD was localized in the periplasm of recombinant E. coli, which indicated that OcAOD would be transported from the cytoplasm to the periplasm by the hitchhiker mechanism through the Tat pathway. The OcAOD productivity of the recombinant E. coli was 24-fold higher than that of Ochrobactrum sp. AIU 033, and it was further enhanced by 1.2 times by the co-expression of additional tatABC from E. coli BL21(DE3). Our findings thus suggest a function of the β-subunit of OcAOD in membrane translocation, and that the recombinant OcAOD has characteristics that are suitable for the enzymatic synthesis of glyoxylic acid as well as native OcAOD.