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Identification and application of novel low pH-inducible promoters for lactic acid production in the tolerant yeast Candida glycerinogenes

Hou, Qianqian, He, Qiang, Liu, Gengliang, Lu, Xinyao, Zong, Hong, Chen, Wenqiang, Zhuge, Bin
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2019 v.128 no.1 pp. 8-12
Candida, Rhizopus oryzae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, binding sites, fluorescence, genes, lactate dehydrogenase, lactic acid, pH, yeasts
Bioproduction of organic acids under low pH condition without adding inducer and neutralizer is an economical craft to decrease downstream cost. Candida glycerinogenes had higher tolerances to low pH and lactic acid than Saccharomyces cerevisiae. QRT-PCR analysis showed that four of fifteen candidates functioned as potentially acid-inducible promoters in C. glycerinogenes. In particular, PCggmt1 showed the strongest induction ability at pH 2.5. Fluorescence analysis indicated that the induction ability of PCggmt1 gradually increased as the pH decreased. In addition, PCggmt1 had the binding sites of Msn2p/4p, Azf1p, and Nrg1p. PCggmt1 was further used to control the expression of lactate dehydrogenase gene from Rhizopus oryzae in C. glycerinogenes. Compared with pH 5.5, the specific activity of lactate dehydrogenase and lactic acid titer at pH 2.5 were increased by 229% and 218%, reaching 13.8 mU/mg and 12.3 g/L, respectively. These results presented here showed a potential to produce organic acid economically at low pH by the stress tolerant C. glycerinogenes and the novel low-pH inducible promoter PCggmt1.