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Correlation between Ureaplasma spp. sub-group 1 and preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes revealed by an eMLST scheme

Kong, Yingying, Yang, Tingting, Yang, Ting, Ruan, Zhi, Song, Tiejun, Ding, Honghui, Xie, Xinyou, Zhang, Jun
Infection, genetics, and evolution 2019 v.68 pp. 172-176
Ureaplasma, amniotic fluid, pathogens, phylogeny, placenta, premature birth, umbilical cord, women
Ureaplasma spp. is gaining recognition as an important pathogen associated with preterm birth (PTB) and preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes (PPROM). The aim of this study was to investigate the clonality of this organism in maternal/neonatal pairs with PTB or pre-labour rupture of membranes (PROM) or PPROM and the association between sub-groups and PPROM. In total, 50 of 93 maternal/neonatal pairs that were diagnosed with PTB, PROM or PPROM were identified with Ureaplasma spp. colonized in the amniotic fluid or umbilical cord or placenta. All 104 clinical Ureaplasma spp. samples (50, 30, and 24 cultured from amniotic fluid, umbilical cord, and placenta, respectively) were included for analysis of the genetic lineages using the eMLST scheme. A total of 34 eSTs were revealed, with two predominant eSTs (eST16 and eST41). Interestingly, six maternal/neonatal pairs displayed eST differences in the above three specimen sources. In addition, phylogenetic analysis showed two genetically significant distant clusters, and cluster I included the most clinical strains. Interestingly, there was a significant difference in the prevalence of sub-group 1 of cluster II between women with PPROM and those with PROM. In conclusion, the distribution of cluster I was predominately higher than that of cluster II in maternal/neonatal pairs. In addition, sub-group 1 was prone to associated PPROM through the specific epidemic clonal lineages.