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Cumulative effect of yeast extract and fructooligosaccharide supplementation on composition and metabolic activity of elderly colonic microbiota in vitro

Doo, Eun-Hee, Schwab, Clarissa, Chassard, Christophe, Lacroix, Christophe
Journal of functional foods 2019 v.52 pp. 43-53
Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, amino acids, biochemical pathways, butyrates, dietary supplements, elderly, fructooligosaccharides, gene expression, intestinal microorganisms, messenger RNA, minerals, models, nucleosides, nucleotides, propionic acid, vitamins, yeast extract
Concurrent with a decline in general health, elderly gut microbiota is characterized by reduced stability compared to adults, and is impacted by living condition and diet. Dietary supplementation was suggested to stabilize and promote elderly gut microbiota. We used two PolyFermS models to investigate the impact of fructooligosaccharides (FOS), nucleosides (NS), and yeast extract (YE) supplementation on elderly colonic microbiota in vitro. NS, YE and FOS tested separately and combined at different addition levels increased the abundance of butyrate producers, lactobacilli and bifidobacteria. FOS and YE cumulatively increased butyrate levels, while propionate productions were decreased. Gene expression analysis indicated that FOS enhanced abundance of transcripts related to ‘Di-and Oligosaccharides’ and ‘Fermentation’ while treatments with FOS and YE alone and in combination altered the transcriptional profile of ‘Amino Acids and Derivatives’.Our findings suggest that YE rich in nucleotides, amino acids, vitamins and minerals, enhance the butyrogenic effect of FOS.