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Assessment of boscalid and pyraclostrobin disappearance and behavior following application of effective microorganisms on apples

Podbielska, Magdalena, Szpyrka, Ewa, Piechowicz, Bartosz, Sadło, Stanisław, Sudoł, Mateusz
Journal of environmental science and health 2018 v.53 no.10 pp. 652-660
Bellis, Glomus, Trichoderma, apples, beneficial microorganisms, boscalid, field experimentation, horticulture, orchards, organic fertilizers, pesticide residues, plant protection, pyraclostrobin
The aim of this study is to assess the disappearance of boscalid (IUPAC name: 2-chloro-N-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)phenyl]pyridine-3-carboxamide) and pyraclostrobin (IUPAC name: methyl N-[2-[[1-(4-chlorophenyl)pyrazol-3-yl]oxymethyl]phenyl]-N-methoxycarbamate) residues in apple fruit, and to verify whether an organic fertilizer enriched with strains of antagonistic microorganisms can reduce pesticide residue levels. Field trials were conducted in a commercial orchard on apples of the Gloster variety, during 21 days after the treatment with Bellis 38 WG and the subsequent application of Zumba Plant formulation containing Bacillus spp., Trichoderma spp. and Glomus spp. In control samples, the decrease rate of boscalid and pyraclostrobin residue levels followed an exponential function, described by formulae Rₜ = 0.2824e⁻⁰.⁰⁷¹ᵗ and Rₜ = 0.1176e⁻⁰.⁰⁶⁰ᵗ, with the coefficient of determination of r² = 0.8692 and r² = 0.9268, respectively. These levels dropped to half (t₁/₂) of their initial values after 9.8 and 11.5 days, respectively. The treatment with Zumba Plant resulted in a reduction in boscalid and pyraclostrobin residue levels by 52% and 41%, respectively. The results of this study are of importance for horticulture sciences and for producers of apples using plant protection products (PPPs).