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Bioavailability of mercury in contaminated soils assessed by the diffusive gradient in thin film technique in relation to uptake by Miscanthus × giganteus

Ridošková, Andrea, Pelfrêne, Aurélie, Douay, Francis, Pelcová, Pavlína, Smolíková, Vendula, Adam, Vojtěch
Environmental toxicology and chemistry 2019 v.38 no.2 pp. 321-328
Miscanthus giganteus, agricultural soils, bioavailability, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, greenhouse production, high performance liquid chromatography, ion exchange, leaves, mercury, models, polluted soils, rhizomes, roots, soil solution, vapors
We assessed the relationship between the diffusive gradient in thin film (DGT) technique using the new ion‐exchange resin Ambersep GT74 and the uptake of mercury (Hg) by a model plant cultivated on metal‐contaminated agricultural soils under greenhouse conditions. Based on the total Hg content, 0.37 to 1.17% of the Hg passed to the soil porewater from the solid phase, and 2.18 to 9.18% of the Hg is DGT‐available. These results were confirmed by calculating the R value (the ratio of the concentrations of bioavailable Hg measured by DGT and soil solution), which illustrated the strong bonding of Hg to the solid phase of soil and its extremely low mobility. Only inorganic Hg²⁺ species were found in the metal‐contaminated agricultural soils, as determined by a high‐performance liquid chromatography–cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry speciation analysis. The Hg was distributed in Miscanthus × giganteus organs in the following order for all sampling sites: roots (55–82%) >> leaves (8–27%) > stems (7–16%) > rhizomes (4–7%). Environ Toxicol Chem 2019;38:321–328. © 2018 SETAC