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Osteoinductivity of Porous Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Ceramic Spheres with Nanocrystalline and Their Efficacy in Guiding Bone Regeneration

Li, Xiangfeng, Song, Tao, Chen, Xuening, Wang, Menglu, Yang, Xiao, Xiao, Yumei, Zhang, Xingdong
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.4 pp. 3722-3736
adsorption, alginates, apatite, bone formation, ceramics, dogs, granules, medicine, nanocrystals, rabbits
Conventional biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) bioceramics are facing many challenges to meet the demands of regenerative medicine, and their biological properties are limited to a large extent due to the large grain size in comparison with nanocrystalline of natural bone mineral. Herein, this study aimed to fabricate porous BCP ceramic spheres with nanocrystalline (BCP-N) by combining alginate gelatinizing with microwave hybrid sintering methods and investigated their in vitro and in vivo combinational osteogenesis potential. For comparison, spherical BCP granules with microcrystalline (BCP-G) and commercially irregular BCP granules (BAM, BCP-I) were selected as control. The obtained BCP-N with specific nanotopography could well initiate and regulate in vitro biological response, such as degradation, protein adsorption, bone-like apatite formation, cell behaviors, and osteogenic differentiation. In vivo canine intramuscular implantation and rabbit mandible critical-sized bone defect repair further confirmed that nanotopography in BCP-N might be responsible for the stronger osteoinductivity and bone regenerative ability than BCP-G and BCP-I. Collectedly, due to nanotopographic similarities with nature bone apatite, BCP-N has excellent efficacy in guiding bone regeneration and holds great potential to become a potential alternative to standard bone grafts in bone defect filling applications.