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Triple-Stimuli-Responsive Smart Nanocontainers Enhanced Self-Healing Anticorrosion Coatings for Protection of Aluminum Alloy

Wang, Ting, Du, Juan, Ye, Sheng, Tan, Linghua, Fu, JiaJun
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.4 pp. 4425-4438
alloys, aluminum, coatings, corrosion, dielectric spectroscopy, electrodes, encapsulation, nanoparticles, pH, porous media, silica, triazoles
Novel acid/alkali/corrosion potential triple-stimuli-responsive smart nanocontainers (TSR-SNs) were successfully assembled to regulate the release of an encapsulated corrosion inhibitor, benzotriazole (BTA), by installing specially structured bistable pseudorotaxanes as supramolecular nanovalves onto orifices of mesoporous silica nanoparticles. In normal conditions, BTA molecules were sealed in the mesopores. Upon any stimulus of acid, alkali, or corrosion potential, BTA molecules were quickly released because of the open states of the supramolecular nanovalves. TSR-SNs as smart nanocontainers were added into the SiO₂–ZrO₂ sol–gel coating to fabricate a stimuli-feedback, corrosion-compensating self-healing anticorrosion coating (SF-SHAC). Compared with the conventional pH-responsive smart nanocontainers synthesized for the SHAC, TSR-SNs not only respond to the pH changes occurring on corrosive microregions but also, and more importantly, feel the corrosion potential of aluminum alloys and give quick feedback. This design avoids wasting smart nanocontainers because of the local-dependent, gradient pH stimulus intensities and obviously enhances the response sensitivity of the SF-SHAC. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and salt spray tests prove the excellent physical barrier of the SF-SHAC. Through scanning vibrating electrode technique measurements, the SF-SHAC doped with TSR-SNs demonstrates inhibiting rates for corrosive microcathodic/anodic current densities that are faster than other control SHACs. The new incorporated corrosion potential-responsive function ensures the efficient working efficiency of TSR-SNs and makes full use of the preloaded corrosion inhibitors as repair factors.