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Electrochemical Biosensor for DNA Methylation Detection through Hybridization Chain-Amplified Reaction Coupled with a Tetrahedral DNA Nanostructure

Chen, Xi, Huang, Jian, Zhang, Shu, Mo, Fei, Su, Shasha, Li, Yan, Fang, Lichao, Deng, Jun, Huang, Hui, Luo, Zhaoxun, Zheng, Junsong
ACS applied materials & interfaces 2019 v.11 no.4 pp. 3745-3752
DNA, DNA methylation, DNA probes, biomarkers, biosensors, catalytic activity, electrodes, gold, hybridization chain reaction, nanogold, neoplasms, pathogenesis, peroxidase, prognosis, restriction endonucleases
DNA methylation is a key factor in the pathogenesis of gene expression diseases or malignancies. Thus, it has become a significant biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases. In this paper, we designed an ultrasensitive and specific electrochemical biosensor for DNA methylation detection. The platform consisted of stem–loop–tetrahedron composite DNA probes anchoring at a Au nanoparticle-coated gold electrode, a restriction enzyme digestion of HpaII, and signal amplification procedures including electrodeposition of Au nanoparticles, hybridization chain reaction, and horseradish peroxidase enzymatic catalysis. Under optimal conditions, the design showed a broad dynamic range from 1 aM to 1 pM and a detection limit of about 0.93 aM. The approach also showed ideal specificity, repeatability, and stability. The recovery test demonstrated that the design is a promising platform for DNA methylation detection under clinical circumstances and could meet the need for cancer diagnosis.