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Two-Dimensional PC₆ with Direct Band Gap and Anisotropic Carrier Mobility
- Yu, Tong, Zhao, Ziyuan, Sun, Yuanhui, Bergara, Aitor, Lin, Jianyan, Zhang, Shoutao, Xu, Haiyang, Zhang, Lijun, Yang, Guochun, Liu, Yichun
- Journal of the American Chemical Society 2019 v.141 no.4 pp. 1599-1605
- absorbance, anisotropy, functional properties, graphene, photovoltaic cells, semiconductors
- Graphene and phosphorene are two major types of atomically thin two-dimensional materials under extensive investigation. However, the zero band gap of graphene and the instability of phosphorene greatly restrict their applications. Here, we make first-principle unbiased structure search calculations to identify a new buckled graphene-like PC₆ monolayer with a number of desirable functional properties. The PC₆ monolayer is a direct-gap semiconductor with a band gap of 0.84 eV, and it has an extremely high intrinsic conductivity with anisotropic character (i.e., its electron mobility is 2.94 × 10⁵ cm² V–¹ s–¹ along the armchair direction, whereas the hole mobility reaches 1.64 × 10⁵ cm² V–¹ s–¹ along the zigzag direction), which is comparable to that of graphene. On the other hand, PC₆ shows a high absorption coefficient (10⁵ cm–¹) in a broad band, from 300 to 2000 nm. Additionally, its direct band gap character can remain within a biaxial strain of 5%. All these appealing properties make the predicted PC₆ monolayer a promising candidate for applications in electronic and photovoltaic devices.