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PH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography with a hydrophilic organic/salt-containing two-phase solvent system for preparative separation of polar alkaloids from natural products
- Zou, Denglang, Du, Yurong, Kuang, Jianyuan, Sun, Shihao, Ma, Jianbin, Jiang, Renwang
- Journal of chromatography 2018 v.1553 pp. 1-6
- acetonitrile, countercurrent chromatography, ethanol, hydrochloric acid, hydrophilicity, indole alkaloids, ionic strength, porous media, serotonin, sodium chloride, solvents, spectral analysis, toad venoms, triethylamine, tryptamine, viscosity
- This study presents an efficient strategy based on pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography with a hydrophilic organic/salt-containing two-phase system composed of acetonitrile, sodium chloride and water for preparative separation of polar alkaloids from natural products. Acetonitrile-sodium chloride-water system provides a wider range of polarity for polar alkaloids than classical aqueous two-phase systems. It gets rid of the effect of free hydrogen ion, strong ionic strength, hold low viscosity and the sharp retainer border could be formed easily. So acetonitrile-sodium chloride-water system showed great advantages to pH-zone-refining counter-current chromatography for polar alkaloids. The separation of polar indole alkaloids from toad venom was selected as an example to show the advantage and practicability of this strategy. An optimized acetonitrile-sodium chloride-water (54%:5%:41%, w%) system was applied in this study, where 10 mM triethylamine (TEA) as the retainer and 15 mM hydrochloric acid (HCl) as the eluter were added. As a result, three polar indole alkaloids, including 19 mg of serotonin, 45 mg of 5-Hydroxy-N’-methyl tryptamine, 33 mg of bufotenine were simultaneously separated from 500 mg of 5% ethanol elution fraction of toad venom on macroporous resin chromatography, with the purity of 91.3%, 97.5% and 89.4%, respectively. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analysis.